Forty Cents a Ton: Coal Mining in Hazard County, Kentucky

This week on From the Vault we feature a Pacifica Radio documentary about mining practices in Hazard County, Kentucky that was recorded in March 1963 and broadcast on WBAI on April 6th, 1963. The program shares the voices of residents from all walks of life in Hazard County, who discuss the coal miners’ union, the harassment union miners face from large mining companies, and the unofficial strikes organized in Hazard County. Participants include strike leaders Berman Gibson, Preacher Smith, Graham Noble, retired miner Harley Caldwell, and Mrs. Smith and Mrs. Noble; Mrs. W.P. Nolan and Louise Hatmaker of the Hazard Herald newspaper; C.E. Bean, president of District 30 – United Mine Workers of America; Reverend Aikley and Reverend Carroll of St. Mark’s Episcopal Church and Hazard Christian Church, respectively; Drs. Creeley and Potter of the Harlan Miners’ Memorial Hospital; Ed Johnson, a non-union mine owner; Brian Whitfield III, a union mine-owner; Floyd McDowell, president of the Harlan County Coal Operators Association; and Lee Cretchfield, president of the Hazard Chamber of Commerce. This documentary, which was produced by Hamish Sinclair, Bob Heifetz. Engineered by Sam Sanders and Stanley Aronowitzc, also features a song by Pete Seeger and Phil Ochs titled, “Mining Is a Hazard.”

Joe Vaughan & The Raytown-Brooking Eagle

This week on Arts Magazine, Michael Hogge chats with newsman, author, and historian Joe Vaughan about his new book, Thomas Johnson’s Story And The History Of Fairway, Kansas.

Then, at 12:30, publisher Diane Krizek will join us and tell us about her new publication, the Raytown-Brooking Eagle. Tune in for arts, cultural information, and much more, plus another edition of Russ Simmons’ Freeze Frame!

Senate Intelligence Committee Torture Report and Update on Cuban 5

Attorney Michael Ratner:

It’s taking the Senate Report they did on detention and going further and saying now we actually have evidence from one of the branches of government admitting that the CIA engaged in this incredibly awful program of torture.
Wolfgang Kaleck says there are about 500 CIA agents that should be quaking in their boots about traveling to Europe.

Senate Intelligence Committee Torture Report: Attorney Scott Horton

Guantanamo suicides, CIA interrogation techniques, CIA ordered physicians who violate the Hippocratic oath, are topics of some recent articles by returning guest attorney Scott Horton. Last month, he was on Democracy Now to debate former CIA General Counsel John Rizzo on the question of declassifying a Senate Select Committee on Intelligence report about the agency s secret detention and interrogation programs. His book Lords of Secrecy The National Security Elite and America’s Stealth Foreign Policy will be published January 2015.

Attorney Scott Horton:

I think the results flow directly from the media coverage (ABC poll on Torture report)
Now major publications and broadcasters that hedged using the word torture have stopped doing that. There are only a handful of media sources that won’t do it. NPR being one of them.
The media also presents roughly twice as much time devoted to people justifying the use of torture techniques to those criticizing it.
Barack Obama who should lead the push back has gone completely silent. It’s beyond silent he talked about “tortured some folks” making it very casual, and then he said the torturers were patriots.
I thought it was electrifying reading. 90 percent of it I’ve heard about before and still when you read them in this clinical, plain, highly factual style and things were developed with a continuous flow with lots of background in decision making in Washington at the top and how all this effected what happened on the ground.
As a consumer of Congressional reports this probably the single most impressive Congressional oversight report I’ve ever seen.
It’s an excellent example of what the oversight committee should be doing all the time.
They’re doing this with respect to a program which was essentially or very largely wrapped up by October 2006.
We’re talking about 8 1/2 years ago.
They’re only able to do this kind of review in any depth when its historical, not when its real time oversight, that’s disappointing.
One thing that emerges from looking at these reports and the military reports is that there is a huge black hole which has never been fully developed and explored and that’s JSOC, its the military intelligence side.
That escaped review within the DOD process and it escaped review in CIA process and its clear that there’s a huge amount there.
I certainly don’t expect prosecutions to emerge for the next couple of years in the United States, but I see a process setting in that may eventually lead to prosecutions.
On the one hand we’re seeing a dangerous deterioration in relations with Russia, is an aggressor, which has seized territory in the heart of Europe, is waging a thinly veiled war on one of its neighbors. That is very unnerving to the major NATO powers.
On the other hand there’s never been a period in the history of the alliance when there is so much upset at the United States.
That’s come largely from the rise of the surveillance state and the role of the NSA.
I was looking at this report, and we know that in 2006, there was an internal review that led the CIA to conclude that these interrogation techniques were ineffective and the CIA internally decided to seek a large part of the authority for EIT’s and operation of black sites rescinded.
Another thing that’s very important here from this report, it tells us that Michael Hayden, George Tenant, Porter Goss and other very senior people at the CIA repeatedly intervened to block any form of punishment of people who are involved with torture and running the black sites.
That’s important because of the legal document Command Responsibility. The law says when command authority makes a decision not to prosecute and immunize people involved with torture and abuse, that results in the culpability of these crimes migrating up the chain of command.
I interviewed CIA agents who were involved in this program, and they told me they’ve all been brought out by legal counsels office and told – they may not leave the country.
That means you’ve got roughly 150 CIA agents, including many people near the top of the agency who can’t travel right now.
Lords of Secrecy The National Security Elite and America’s Stealth Foreign Policy

Guest ” Scott Horton, human rights lawyer and contributing editor to Harper s Magazine. Scott s column ” No Comment. He graduated Texas Law School in Austin with a JD and was a partner in a large New York law firm, Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler. His new book Lords of Secrecy The National Security Elite and America’s Stealth Foreign Policy.

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Updates:

New Cuba-U.S.A. Pact And Remaining Cuban Five Prisoners Released

Attorney Michael Ratner:

We’ve been covering this case for years on here. They were wrongfully convicted. They had been sent into Miami to stop Miami-Cuban terrorism against Cuba.
The U.S. in a vindictive prosecution had sentenced them for many years, in fact one of them was sentenced to life in prison for conspiracy to commit espionage I think.
It’s all part of a larger picture of what’s going on.
Cuba in what’s not considered an exchange, of course obviously, released Alan Gross.
Obama within limits sounds like he’s going to open relations within a certain way with Cuba and open an embassy in Cuba and Cuba, one in the United States.
It’s amazing moment, the revolution took place in 1959, so that’s only 55 years ago approx, the embargo has been in effect since 1961. It’s still in effect of course but this is a really major moment.
Attorney Len Weinglass would take 1 or 2 cases at a time, work on them like a dog, whether it was Mumia or in this case the Cuban Five and put every piece, every part of his life into it.

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Attorney Heidi Boghosian:

In the U.S. we continue to see the news portraying the five as spies when like you said they were really here to uncover unlawful activities on the part of the U.S government.
They handed over files to the FBI, they were very forthright with the information they gathered.
We also know from our interviews with attorney Mara Verheyden-Hilliard and Gloria LaRiva that the U.S. has been paying journalists in Miami to report negatively on the case of the Cuban Five and were doing so at the time of their trial.
One of the lawyers we used to interview on this show and a close friend of ours Lenny Weinglass who passed away a couple of years ago was the main lawyer for the Cuban Five. It then became Martin Garbus who carried on the case in an extraordinary way, and I think that all of their work and all of the work of the Committee to Free the Cuban Five has led to result that I think would have been unforeseeable 20 years ago.

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Civil Forfeiture Cases Follow Up

Michael Ratner Commends Dean of Columbia Law School Canceling Exams Allowing Option To Protest

International Criminal Court: Possible Prosecutions From U.S. Torture In Afghanistan

Happy Birthday Chelsea Manning

ECCHR Calls For 13 CIA Agents To Be Extradited To Germany

ECCHR Complaint Against Bush Era Architects Of Torture

5 Day Song Challenge and a Tasty Christmas

Diana Linn was challenged by Americana artist Jen Mize to post one favorite song for five days on Facebook, complete with supporting video and back story.  You’ll hear those five songs (think Guy Clark, John Fullbright with Amy Speace, Bonnie Raitt, Linda Ronstadt and Leeann Womack) plus a gaggle of Americana Christmas music on this week’s Tasty Brew.  Joining your host in the studio will be Kansas Cuity area singer/songwriters Chad Abernathy and Jesse Harris and Evin Brady from Southwest Oklahoma.

Family And Friends Organizing For Reform Of Juvenile Justice and Militarization Of Police With Brian Leininger

On Today’s show we highlight two organizations, Friends and Family Organizing For Reform Of Juvenile Justice and Niles Home For Children are both working to help children and young people in crisis. Our first interview is a rebroadcast of an interview done in April of this year and in the second half of the show we will talk with Dr. Madelyne Douglas, Director of Residential and Administrative Services at Niles Home For Children, a long time Kansas City institution..

Tracy McClard on FORJ

About two years ago Jaws of Justice Radio spoke with Tracy McClard about her son who at 17 was sentenced to 30 years as an adult. He committed suicide after being sent to an adult prison and being assaulted other prisoners. Tracy and her husband are spearheading an effort in Missouri called Family and Friends Organizing For Reform of Juvenile Justice (FORJ).

Tracy explains to host Margot Patterson how parents lose the legal right to be involved in the defense of a child once they are deemed an adult by the court. In Missouri children as young as 12 can be certified as adults. She also talks about the Dual Jurisdiction program in Missouri that has a 90% + record of turning young people around without sending them to adult prison. Learn about Johnathan’s Law that requires the courts to submit juveniles certified as adults to be recommended to the Dual Jurisdiction program.

Contact FORJ
website http://www.forj-mo.org/
Email: forjmo@gmail.com
573-837-7346

Niles Home For Children – A Safe Haven For Kansas City’s Troubled Young People
We are sorry that we were not able to bring you this segment please tune in to JoJR January 5th to hear the interview we taped with Dr. Madelyne Douglas, Director of Residential and Administrative Services at Niles as she bring us up to date with the programs and opportunities for at risk youth.

THE MILITARIZATION OF LOCAL POLICE FORCES

In the second half of our show we replay an interview Attorney Robin Martinez hosted earlier this year – a discussion with KC-area criminal defense attorney and former Wyandotte County prosecutor Brian Leininger about the militarization of our police forces and the increasing use of SWAT teams and paramilitary tactics by police for what should be mundane law enforcement matters.

During the Clinton Administration an office was opened in the Pentagon to sell excess military hardware to local police forces. Has Homeland Security and the Defense Department been remaking policing in America? Is this military surplus equipment encouraging our local police to view the streets of America as war zones? What effect does this mistrust of the citizens by the police have on their ability to stop crime?

No Calendar This Week